Serving the Greater Toronto Area

Oral Pathology and Oral Medicine

An Oral Medicine and Oral Pathology (OMOP) specialist is an expert on the diagnosis and management of disease processes affecting the oral cavity. 

Dentists and physicians may request consultation with an OMOP for a wide range of reasons, including assessment of a variety of lesions (open sores, lumps, etc.) as well as pain affecting the mouth or temporomandibular joint regions.

Initial consultation will involve discussion of ones medical history, present concern as well as review of previous diagnostic tests (e.g. radiographs).  Additional studies may be ordered to facilitate diagnosis.

Oral Pathology

The inside of the mouth is normally lined with a special type of skin (mucosa) that is smooth and coral pink in color. Any alteration in this appearance could be a warning sign for a pathological process. The most serious of these is oral cancer. The following can be signs at the beginning of a pathologic process or cancerous growth:

  • Reddish patches (erythroplasia) or whitish patches (leukoplakia) in the mouth.
  • A sore that fails to heal and bleeds easily.
  • A lump or thickening on the skin lining the inside of the mouth.
  • Chronic sore throat or hoarseness. Difficulty in chewing or swallowing.

These changes can be detected on the lips, cheeks, palate, and gum tissue around the teeth, tongue, face and/or neck. Pain does not always occur with pathology, and curiously, is not often associated with oral cancer. However, any patient with facial and/or oral pain without an obvious cause or reason may also be at risk for oral cancer.

We would recommend performing an oral cancer self-examination monthly and remember that your mouth is one of your body's most important warning systems. Do not ignore suspicious lumps or sores. Please contact us so we may help.

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Yorkville Toronto Dental Specialists

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